Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage these days score 620 or above.
Your FICO score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is calculated from your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You should remove any incorrect data from your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your score, you must have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: (303) 877-0415.